General Preparedness Information

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Preparing for the unexpected is the best defense against emergencies and disasters.  Knowing what to do before an emergency arises will help you respond quickly.  Make plans now to be prepared later.  Check-out the links below, to help you, your family and your business survive and recover from a wide variety of dangerous situations:

Emergency Kit

Emergencies happen, and preparation and response can make a world of difference in the impact they have on you and your family. Having the items you need can be a life saver—figuratively and literally—in the event you have to evacuate your home during an emergency. Create an emergency kit and personalize it for your family’s particular needs. Check it every six months to be sure it is up-to-date.

Basic Emergency Kit

  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First Aid kit and first aid reference material
  • Radio – wind-up or battery-operated, with extra batteries
  • Local maps
  • Water – One gallon per person per day for at least three days
  • Food – At least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
  • Whistle, to signal for help
  • Dust mask, to help filter contaminated air
  • Moist toilettes, garbage bags and plastic ties, for personal sanitation
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Can opener
  • Contact information for family and friends

Also consider adding the following:

  • ATM and credit cards
  • Cash and change
  • Prescriptions (enough for a week), along with a list of medications and dosages for each family member and the reason for use
  • Eye glasses, hearing aids, and other assistive devices (e.g. cane, walker, etc.)
  • Portable phone
  • Personal hygiene items (e.g. toothbrush, toilet paper, etc.)
  • Mylar blanket
  • Keys
  • Copies of important documents in a waterproof, portable container (e.g. photo ID, insurance cards and policies, bank account records, etc.)
  • Plastic sheeting and duct tape, to shelter-in-place
  • Infant formula and diapers
  • Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person
  • Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper. To use as a disinfectant, dilute nine parts water to one part bleach. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Mess kit, paper cups, plates, plastic utensils, paper towels
  • Pencil and paper
  • Books and activities for children
  • Written instructions for how to turn off electricity, gas, and water. Remember, you’ll need a professional to turn them back on.

First Aid Kit"

Things you should have for personal emergency medical care:

  • Two pairs of sterile gloves (Latex or other, if you are allergic to Latex)
  • Sterile dressings to stop bleeding
  • Cleansing agent, soap or antibiotic toilettes to disinfect
  • Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection
  • Burn ointment to prevent infection
  • Adhesive bandages (various sizes) or non-adhesive bandages and hypoallergenic tape
  • Eye wash solution to flush the eyes or as general decontaminant
  • Thermometer
  • Prescription medications you take every day such as insulin, heart medicine and asthma inhalers. Check the medications in your emergency kit periodically and replace any that have expired.
  • Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood pressure monitoring equipment and supplies.
  • Non-prescription drugs
    • Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever
    • Anti-diarrhea medication
    • Antacid (for upset stomach)
    • Laxative

Also consider adding the following:

  • Cell Phone
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Needle
  • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
  • Roller bandages
  • Assorted sizes of safety pins
  • Sunscreen
  • Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)
  • Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)

Additional resources: